Mehrangarh fort is one of the largest fort in india located in
jodhpur(Suncity), rajasthan. This fort is a symbol of self-
esteem for the Rathore dynasty of Marwar princely state of
Rajasthan. The name of Mehrangarh Fort is named after
the Sun God. This fort was built on 12 May 1459 by Rao
Jodha, 15th ruler of Rathore Dynasty. One year after his
accession to the throne, Rao Jodha decided to move his
capital to the safer location of Jodhpur, as the one
thousand years old Mandore fort was no longer considered
to provide sufficient security. However, along with the time
the royal Rathore family gradually started living in the
beautiful palaces, but this fort is still a symbol of the golden
history of the Rathore dynasty. The ruler of every Rathore
dynasty who ruled in this fort of Marwar has left various
symbols of his time, which we can still experience. The
collection of different styles and fusion of different Rathore
ruler’s era can still be seen today. At present, this fort acts
as a museum for local tourists and foreign tourists, which
explains the golden history of Rathore dynasty. In this fort,
you’ll find a collection of queen’s palanquin, old furniture,
cannons, picture styles, old royal instruments etc. In this
fort, many programs are organized to promote Rajasthan
folk music and Sufi music. The Mehrangarh fort is also an
attractive center for foreign tourists along with the local
indian tourists. Thousands of foreign tourists come to
Rajasthan far away from the other countries and look
around the beauty of Mehrangarh fort with their eyes.
Mehrangarh Fort now has become a source of income for
the common people of Jodhpur. This has provided
employment to a lot of people.
•HISTORY OF MEHRANGARH FORT :-
The Mehrangarh fort was built on May 12, 1459 by Rao
Jodha, son of Ranmal and 15th ruler of Rathore dynasty.
The capital of Jodhpur was the first Mandore. As soon as
Rao Jodha took over as the 15th ruler of rathore dynasty,
in view of security after 1 year of his accession, he shifted
the capital of Jodhpur from Mandore to Meherangarh. With
the help of Rao Nara, Rao Jodha laid the foundation of
Mehrangarh Fort on Rocky Hill on 12 May 1459. Rocky Hill
is also known as Bhaurcheeria, the mountain of birds.
According to legend, the Mehrangarh fort was built on the
mountain where there was a saint named Cheeria Nathji ,
who was the lord of the birds. Rao Jodha made many
attempts to get him out of there, due to which distraught
the saint cursed Rao Jodha that people in Jodhpur would
crave for water. Rao Jodha, frightened by this curse, So he
made a house and temple In the fort very near to his cave
to meditate for him. Nevertheless, the effect of that curse is
still seen today, in Jodhpur, the area is plagued by a
drought every 3 to 4 years. To get rid of any other curse,
Rao Jodha burried the life of Rajaram Meghwal alive in the
foundation of Mehrangarh Fort. Rao Jodha convinced in
return his family would be looked after by the Rathores .
After this, Rao Jodha called the Female Hindu warrior,
sage Shri Karani Mata, to lay down the first foundation
stone of Mehrangarh Fort. Today only the forts of Bikaner
and Jodhpur remain in the hands of Rathors, both had
their foundation stone laid by Shri Karni Mata. All other
Rajput forts of Rajasthan were abandoned for some or the
other reasons by the respective clans. Only the Rathors of
Jodhpur and Bikaner have their forts with them till date.
This fact is considered a miracle by the local population
and is attributed to Shri Karni Mata.
•DESCRIPTION OF MEHRANGARH FORT :-
(a) Mehrangarh Fort is located at the height of 400 feet in
the center of Jodhpur city and spreads in the range of over
5km on a top of a high hill.
(b) The length of the wall of Mehrangarh Fort is 118 feet
and the width is 69 feet.
(c) Entry to the fort is gained though a series of seven
gates. The most famous of the gates are:
1. JAI POL- built by maharaja Man singh in 1806.
2. FATEH POL- built to celebrate victory over mughals
3. DEDH KAMGRA POL-This has still the mark of the
attack by the cannons.
4. LOHA POLE – This is the last gate Into the main part
of the fort.
(d)There are many beautifully decorated castles inside the
fort. The most famous of the castles are:
1. MOTI MAHAL– This is the largest castle room of
mehrangarh fort. Moti mahal was built by maharaja sur
singh of rathore dynasty. Moti Mahal was the place where
the king used to sit on his throne and Pronounce decrees
related to raj work. Moti mahal ‘s infrastructure is elegant. It
looks very sublime. 5 hidden balconies have been built in
the Moti Mahal for the Queens to enable them to listen In
on the court proceeding.
2. SHEESH MAHAL– Sheesh Mahal looks very
staggering. It is a best example of rajput sheesh mahal.
Sheesh mahal has splendid mirror work. Visitor love to see
3. PHOOL MAHAL– Phool mahal was built of maharaja
abhayarany singh. Phool mahal was built for entertainment
of maharaja where maharaja used to rest and girls were
danced in front of him. This is a private room where only
maharaja could go. Gold was brought from Ahmedabad to
work in gold in this palace.
4. TAKHAT VILAS– Takhat vilas was built by maharaja
Takhat singh. It was the residence of maharaja Takhat
Singh.Takhat Vilas is an interesting blend of styles, both
traditional as well as modern (relating to the time of the
5. JHANKI MAHAL– It houses a rich collection of the
royal cradles, decorated with gilt mirrors and figures of
fairies, elephant and birds.
(e) There is also a fabulous Fort Gallery inside the palace.
Which has the following major :
1. ELEPHANT HOWDAHS– he "Elephant Howdah" was
a type of two-nook wooden seat locked on to the back of
an elephant. The front nook had a raised protective metal
sheet for maharaja. The rear nook was for a reliable
bodyguard, disguised flywhisk attendant
2. PALANQUINS– By 20th century the palanquins was
used to travel of the queens from one place to another.It is
indeed a very popular way in ancient time. This gallery
displays one of the richest collections of palanquins in
3. DAULAT KHANA– Displayed in this gallery are finest
examples of arms, textiles, decorative arts, paintings,
manuscripts, headgears, etc.
4. ARMOURY -This Gallery displays a rare collection of
Armour from every period in Jodhpur. Also displayed are
sword hilts in jade, silver, rhine horn, ivory, shields studded
with rubies, emeralds and pearls, guns with gold and silver
work on barrels.
5. PAINTING – This painting gallery displays a rare
collection of painting. It shows the beautiful colour of
marwar culture and beauty.
6. TURBAN GALLERY – There is also a turban gallery in
mehrangarh fort.You will see various types of turbans in
this gallery, which used to wear King Maharaja of Jodhpur.
7. FOLK MUSICAL INSTRUMENTAL GALLERY -In this
gallery are a number of different types and kinds of folk
musical instruments, some particular to a group or
community, and some to a region.